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Biography of

Cécile Chaminade

8 aug 1857 (Paris) - 18 apr 1944 (Monte Carlo)
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Cécile Chaminade

Cécile Louise Stéphanie Chaminade (August 8, 1857 – April 13, 1944) was a French composer and pianist.

Contents

Biography

Born in Paris, she studied at first with her mother, then with Félix Le Couppey, Augustin Savard, Martin Pierre Marsick and Benjamin Godard, but not officially, since her father disapproved of her musical education.

Her first experiments in composition took place in very early days, and in her eighth year she played some of her sacred music to Georges Bizet, who was much impressed with her talents. She gave her first concert when she was eighteen, and from that time on her work as a composer gained steadily in favor. She wrote mostly character pieces for piano, and salon songs, almost all of which were published.

She toured France several times in those earlier days, and in 1892 made her début in England, where her work was extremely popular. Isidor Philipp, head of the piano department of the Paris Conservatory championed her works.

Chaminade married a music publisher from Marseilles, Louis-Mathieu Carbonel, in 1901, and on account of his advanced age the marriage was rumored to be one of convenience. He died in 1907, and Chaminade did not remarry.

In 1908 she visited the United States, and was accorded a very hearty welcome from her innumerable admirers there. Her compositions were tremendous favorites with the American public, and such pieces as the Scarf dance or the Ballet No. 1 were to be found in the music libraries of many lovers of piano music of the time. She composed a Konzertstück for piano and orchestra, the ballet music to Callirhoé and other orchestral works. Her songs, such as The Silver Ring and Ritournelle, were also great favorites. Ambroise Thomas, the celebrated French composer and writer, once said of Chaminade: "This is not a woman who composes, but a composer who is a woman." In 1913, she was awarded the Légion d'Honneur, a first for a female composer. In London, 1903, she made gramophone recordings of six of her compositions for the Gramophone and Typewriter Company; these are among the most sought-after piano recordings by collectors. Before and after World War I, Chaminade recorded many piano rolls, but as she grew older, she composed less and less, dying in Monte Carlo on April 13, 1944.

Chaminade was relegated to obscurity for the second half of the 20th Century, her piano pieces and songs mostly forgotten, with the Flute Concertino, composed for the 1902 Paris Conservatoire Concours, her most popular piece today.

Her sister married Moritz Moszkowski.

Works

Works with Opus number

  • Op. 3, Scherzo-etude
  • Op. 4, Caprice-etude
  • Op. 5, Menuet
  • Op. 6, Berceuse
  • Op. 7, Barcarolle
  • Op. 8, chaconne (1879)
  • Op. 9, 2 pieces: 1 (G) pièce romantique (1880) 2 Gavotte
  • Op. 10, Scherzando
  • Op. 11, Piano Trio No. 1 in G minor, allegro; 2 andante; 3 presto leggiero; 4 allegro molto agitato (1881)
  • Op. 12, pastorale enfantine {arr marcus} (1881)
  • Op. 18, capriccio for violin and piano (1881)
  • Op. 19, Le sevillane Ouverture
  • Op. 21, sonata (c): 1 allegro appassionato; 2 andante; 3 allegro (1881)
  • Op. 22, Orientale
  • Op. 23, minuetto (b) (1881)
  • Op. 24, libellules (Dragon Flies) (1881)
  • Op. 25, Deux morceaux: 1 duetto; 2 zingara;
  • Op. 28, étude symphonique (B–) (1883)
  • Op. 29, sérénade (D) (1884)
  • Op. 30, air de ballet (G) (1884)
  • Op. 32, guitare (1885)
  • Op. 33, Valse caprice (1885)
  • Op. 34, piano trio #2 (a): 1 allegro moderato; 2 lento; 3 allegro energico (1887)
  • Op. 35, 6 études de concert: 1 (C) scherzo; 2 (D–)automne; 3 fileuse; 4 Appasionato 5 (F) impromptu; 6 (D) tarantelle(1886)
  • Op. 36, 2 pieces: 2 pas des cymbales (1887)
  • Op. 37, 5 Airs de Ballet : 1 danse oriental; 2 Pas des amphores; 3 Pas des echarpes; 4 Callirhöe;5 Danse pastorale(1888)
  • Op. 38, Marine (1887)
  • Op. 39, toccata (1887)
  • Op. 40, Concertpiece for piano and orchestra
  • Op. 41, air de ballet. pierrette (E–) (1889)
  • Op. 42, Les Willis,caprice (1889)
  • Op. 43, gigue (D) (1889)
  • Op. 50, la lisonjera (G–) (1890)
  • Op. 51, La livry,air de ballet (1890?)
  • Op. 52, Capriccio appassionato (1890)
  • Op. 53, arlequine (F) (1890)
Lolita (Caprice espagnole), Op. 54
  • Op. 54, caprice espagnole. lolita (D–) (1890)
  • Op. 55, 6 pièces romantiques: 6 rigaudon (1890)
  • Op. 56, Scaramouche (1890)
  • Op. 57, Havanaise (1891)
  • Op. 58, Mazurk-Suedoise (1891)
  • Op. 60, les sylvains (1892)
  • Op. 61, arabesque (1892)
  • Op. 66, Studio (1892)
  • Op. 67, caprice espagnole. la morena (1892)
  • Op. 73, valse carnavalesque (1894)
  • Op. 74, Pièce dans le style ancien (1893)
  • Op. 75, Danse ancienne (1893)
  • Op. 76, 6 romances sans paroles: 1 souvenance; 2 (E) élévation; 3 idylle; 4 eglogue; 5 chanson brétonne; 6 méditation (1894)
  • Op. 77, deuxieme vals(1895)
  • Op. 78, Prelude (1895)
  • Op. 80, Troisieme valse brillante (1898)
  • Op. 81, Terpsichore, sexieme air de ballet (1896)
  • Op. 82, Chanson napolitaine (1896)
  • Op. 83, Ritournelle (1896)
  • Op. 84, Trois prèludes melodiques (1896)
  • Op. 85, Vert-Galant (1896)
  • Op. 86, romances sans paroles: 1 souvenance; 2 élévation;
  • Op. 87, 6 pièces humoristiques: 2 sous bois; 3 inquiétude; 4 autrefois; 5 consolation; 6 norwegienne (1897)
  • Op. 88, Rimembranza (1898)
  • Op. 89, thème varié (A) (1898)
  • Op. 90, Legende (1898)
  • Op. 91, waltz #4 (D–) (1898)
  • Op. 92, Deuxieme arabesque (1898)
  • Op. 93, Valse humoristique (1906)
  • Op. 94, havanaise #2 danse créole (1898)
  • Op. 95, Trois dances anciennes: 1 passepied; 2 pavane; 3 courante; (1899)
  • Op. 97, rondeaus for violin and piano (1899)
  • Op. 98, 6 feuillets d’album: 1 promenade; 2 scherzetto; 3 (D–) élégie; 4 valse arabesque 5 chanson russe; 6 rondo allegre (1900)
  • Op. 101, l’ondine (1900)
  • Op. 103, Moment musical (1900)
  • Op. 104, tristesse (c+) (1901)
  • Op. 105, divertissement (1901)
  • Op. 106, Expansion (1901)
  • Op. 107, Concertino for Flute & Orchestra in D major(1902)
  • Op. 108, Agitato (1902)
  • Op. 109, Cinquieme valse (1903)
  • Op. 110, Novelette (1902)
  • Op. 111, Souvenir lointains (1911)
  • Op. 112, sixieme valse, valse-ballet (1904)
  • Op. 113, Caprice humoristique (1904)
  • Op. 114, pastorale (1904)
  • Op. 115, waltz #7 valse romantique (1905)
  • Op. 116, sous le masque (1905)
  • Op. 117, Duo Symphonique for 2 pianos
  • Op. 118, étude mélodique (G–) (1906)
  • Op. 119, valse tendre (F) (1906)
  • Op. 120, Variations sur un theme original(1906)
  • Op. 122, 3 contes blues: 2 (1906)
  • Op. 123, album d’enfants: 2 (A–) intermezzo. pas de sylphes; 4 (F) rondeau; 5 (a) gavotte; 9 (e) orientale; 10 (a) tarantelle (1906)
  • Op. 124, étude pathetique (b) (1906)
  • Op. 126, album d’enfants: 1 (C) idylle; 2 (E) aubade; 3 (a) rigaudon; 4 (G) eglogue; 5 (g) ballade; 6 (D) scherzo-valse; 7 (d) élégie; 8 (F) novelette 9 (g) patrouille; 10 (A) villanelle; 11 (a) conte de fées; 12 (B-) valse mignonne (1907)
  • Op. 127, 4 poèmes provençales: 2 solitude; 3 (D–) le passé; 4 pêcheurs de nuit (1908)
  • Op. 130, passacaille (E) (1909)
  • Op. 134, la retour (1909)
  • Op. 137, romance (D) (1910)
  • Op. 139, étude scholastique (1910)
  • Op. 143, cortège (A) (1911)
  • Op. 148, scherzo-valse (1913)
  • Op. 155, au pays dévasté (1919)
  • Op. 158, danse païenne (1919)
  • Op. 164, air à danser (1923)
  • Op. 150, sérénade espagnole (G) (1925)
  • Op. 165, nocturne (1925)

Works without Opus number

Chaminade at the keyboard
  • Les rêves (1876)
  • Te souviens-tu? (1878)
  • Auprès de ma mie (1888)
  • Voisinage (1888)
  • Nice-la-belle (1889)
  • Rosemonde (1890)
  • L'anneau d’argent (1891)
  • Plaintes d’amour (1891)
  • Viens, mon bien-aimé! (1892)
  • L'Amour captif (1893)
  • Ma première lettre (1893)
  • Malgré nous! (1893)
  • Si j’étais jardinier (1893)
  • L'Été (1894)
  • Mignonne (1894)
  • Sombrero (1894)
  • Villanelle (1894)
  • Espoir (1895)
  • Ronde d’amour (1895)
  • Chanson triste (1898)
  • Mots d’amour (1898)
  • Alleluia (1901)
  • Écrin! (1902)
  • Bonne humeur! (1903)
  • Menuet (1904)
  • La lune paresseuse (1905)
  • Je voudrais (1912)
  • Attente. au pays de provence (1914)

Media

Concertino Op. 107
Performed by Alex Murray (flute) and Martha Goldstein (piano)

References

External links



This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Cécile Chaminade. Allthough most Wikipedia articles provide accurate information accuracy can not be guaranteed.
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