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Biography of

Jeremiah Clarke

1673 (or 1674?) - 16 jul 1707
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Jeremiah Clarke (c. 1674 – 1 December 1707) was an English baroque composer and organist.

Thought to have been born in London around 1674, Clarke was a pupil of John Blow at St Paul's Cathedral. He later became organist at the Chapel Royal. "A violent and hopeless passion for a very beautiful lady of a rank superior to his own" caused him to commit suicide. Before shooting himself, he considered hanging and drowning as options, so to decide his fate, he tossed a coin—however the coin landed in the mud on its side. Instead of consoling himself, he chose the third method of death, and performed the deed in the cathedral churchyard."[1] Suicides were not generally granted burial in consecrated ground, but an exception was made for Clarke, who was buried in the crypt of St Paul's Cathedral[2] (though other sources state he was buried in the unconsecrated section of the cathedral churchyard[3]). He was succeeded in his post by William Croft.

Clarke is best remembered for a popular keyboard piece: the Prince of Denmark's March, which is commonly called the Trumpet Voluntary. From c. 1878 until the 1940s the work was attributed to Henry Purcell, and was published as Trumpet Voluntary by Henry Purcell in William Sparkes's Short Pieces for the Organ, Book VII, No. 1 (London, Ashdown and Parry). This version came to the attention of Sir Henry J. Wood, who made two orchestral transcriptions of it, both of which were recorded.[4] The recordings further cemented the erroneous notion that the original piece was by Purcell.

The famous Trumpet Tune in D (also incorrectly attributed to Purcell), was taken from the semi-opera The Island Princess which was a joint musical production of Clarke and Daniel Purcell (Henry Purcell's younger brother)—probably leading to the confusion.

Works

  • Harpsichord and Organ Music
  • Masses and other religious music (including 20 anthems and several odes)
  • Prince of Denmark's March, popularly known as "Trumpet Voluntary"
  • Trumpet Tune in D, from The Island Princess
Cultural offices
Preceded by
Isaac Blackwell
Organist of St Paul's Cathedral
1699-1707
Succeeded by
Richard Brind
Preceded by
John Blow
Almoner and Master of the Choristers of St Paul's Cathedral
1693-1707
Succeeded by
Charles King
Preceded by
Francis Pigott
Joint First Organist of the Chapel Royal with William Croft
1704-1707
Succeeded by
William Croft

Notes

  1. ^ Piggott, Solomon (1824). "Remarkable Modes of Suicide". Suicide and its antidotes: a series of anecdotes and actual narratives, with suggestions on mental distress. J. Robins and Co.. p. 175. http://books.google.com/books?id=1JcDAAAAQAAJ&pg=PA173&lpg=PA173. Retrieved August 4, 2009. 
  2. ^ http://www.classical.com/composer/Jeremiah_Clarke
  3. ^ http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=9916703
  4. ^ Grove V, Vol. VIII, "Trumpet Voluntary"

External links



This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Jeremiah Clarke. Allthough most Wikipedia articles provide accurate information accuracy can not be guaranteed.
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