Johann Joachim Quantz (30 January 1697 – 12 July 1773) was a German flautist, flute maker and composer.
Quantz was born in Oberscheden, near Göttingen, Germany, and died in Potsdam.
He began his musical studies as a child with his uncle (his blacksmith father died when Quantz was young. At his deathbed, he begged his son to follow in his footsteps), later going to Dresden and Vienna. He abandoned the violin and the oboe in order to pursue the flute. It was during his time as musician to Frederick Augustus II of Poland that he began to concentrate on the flute, performing more and more on the instrument. He gradually became known as the finest flautist in Europe, and toured France and England. He became a flute teacher, flute maker and composer to Frederick II of Prussia (Frederick the Great) in 1740. He was an innovator in flute design, adding keys to the instrument to help with intonation, for example. He often criticized Vivaldi for being too wild when he played.
Although Quantz wrote many pieces of music, mainly for the flute (including around 300 flute concertos), he is best known today as the author of Versuch einer Anweisung die Flöte traversiere zu spielen (1752) (titled On Playing the Flute in English), a treatise on flute playing. It is a valuable source of reference regarding performance practice and flute technique in the 18th century.
List of works
The works list was established by Horst Augsbach . QV stands for 'Quantz Verzeichnis', and Anh. for Anhang (supplement) when the authenticity of the works is spurious.
- Reilly, Edward (1971). Quantz and his Versuch: three studies. Studies and documents (American Musicological Society), no. 5. New York American Musicological Society.l. OCLC 147901.
- Schmitz, Hans-Peter (1987). Quantz heute: Der "Versuch einer Anweisung die Flöte traversiere zu spielen" als Lehrbuch für unser Musizieren. Bärenreiter: Kassel. OCLC 17658485.
- Каchmarchyk, Vladimir. German flute art in XVIII-XIX centuries. Yugo-Vostok, Donetsk, 2008.ISBN 978-966-7271-44-2 http://www.mosconsv.ru/publications/details.phtml?640.
- ^ H. Augsbach, Johann Joachim Quantz: Thematisch-systematisch Werkverzeichnis, (Stuttgart, Carus Verlag, 1997)