Johann Friedrich Franz Burgmüller (4 December 1806 – 13 February 1874) was a German pianist and composer. He was born in Regensburg, Germany. Both his father, August, and his brother, Norbert, were musicians. His father was a musical theatre director in Weimar and other Southern German centers. Friedrich studied with Ludwig Spohr and Moritz Hauptmann. After years of studies with Spohr and Hauptmann, he moved to Paris in 1832, where he stayed until his death. There, he adopted Parisian music and developed his trademark, light style of playing. He wrote many pieces of salon music for the piano and published several albums. Burgmüller also went on to compose piano etudes intended for children. They are popular to this day.
Selections from his Op. 68, 76, 100, 105 and 109 etudes and his Ballade appear in a wide variety of educational collections. In addition to these piano pieces, he composed works without opus numbers including variations, waltzes, nocturnes and polonaises. He composed stage works and two ballets, La Péri and Lady Harriet.
His most performed piece is the so-called Peasant Pas de Deux added to the ballet Giselle for its 1841 premiere. This music was originally titled Souvenirs de Ratisbonne, and is still performed today in every production of Giselle.
In his Op. 100 set of 25 studies he has charmed many people with pieces like La Candeur, La Chevalresque, L'Arabesque, and Ballade. More demanding pieces are the 18 Characteristic Studies, opus 109, but the 12 pieces of opus 105 are even more demanding. Opus 109 contains popular pieces like Les Perles (The Pearls) and l'Orage (The Storm).