Petit Jean De Latre (c. 1505 or 1510 – 31 August 1569) or Joannes de Latre (his surname is also recorded as Delattre, Delatre, De Lattre and Laetrius) was a Flemish Renaissance composer and choirmaster who worked in Liège and Utrecht. He is no longer believed to be same person as Claude Petit Jehan who died in 1589.
A Flemish chanson by Petit Jean De Latre, taken from the anthology Dat ierste boeck vanden Niewe Duytsche Liedekens
published by Jacob Baethen (Maastricht, 1554)
The earliest record of his employment is for 1538 to 1539 when he was maître de chant at church of St John the Evangelist in Liège. Subsequently De Latre was employed at St Martin, Liège. From about 1550 he was also chapel master to George of Austria, Prince-Bishop of Liège (1544–1557), to whom De Latre dedicated his first volume of secular songs or chansons of 1552.
During his time in Liège notable pupils included Gerard de Villers and Johannes Mangon.
After George of Austria's death in 1557 De Latre continued to work at St Martin, but in 1563 took up a post for a short period in Amersfoort (within the province of Utrecht). Around this time the former rector of the Latin school in Amersfoort, Johannes Oridryus, together with Albertus Buysius, undertook the publication of a collection De Latre's chansons, Cantionum musicarum, in Düsseldorf. De Latre returned to Liège as succentor at St Martin, but was dismissed for debt in 1564.
By 1565 De Latre was employed at the Janskerk in Utrecht where he is described as a Magister and Cantor. He may later have been employed at the Buurkerk there. He was buried at the Buurkerk in Utrecht in 1569, where his epitaph described him as a musici excellentissimi.
The best attested of works are his published chansons and set of Lamentations. In addition a number of works survive in manuscript, but some may be by other composers.
- Lamentationes aliquot Jeremiae for 3 voices (Maastricht, 1554)
- Sacred motets, at least 16 of which have been identified (1547–1564)
- 29 secular chansons in his first book, Chansons à quatre parties (Leuven, 1552)
- 24 French and Flemish chansons or songs in Cantionum musicarum quae diversis vocibus (Düsseldorf, 1563)
- Further chansons including Livre septiesme (Leuven, 1564)
- Renaissance am Rhein, Singer Pur, Oehms Classics, 2011 - includes the motet Qualis est dilecta mea and the chansons Comme la rose and Si seule estois.
- Maastrichts Liedboek / Maastricht songbook (Nieuwe Duytsche Liedkens - Jacob Baethen, 1554), Camerata Trajectina, Globe Records GLO 6046, recorded 1999 - includes the Flemish chanson Al hadden wij vijfenveertich bedden.
- ^ a b c d J. Quitin and H. Vanhulst, New Grove
- ^ H Vanhulst, Revue belge de musicologie, vol. 47
- ^ F. Lesure, Petit Jehan de Lattre (1969) cited by J. Quitin and H. Vanhulst, New Grove
- ^ Music fragments and manuscripts in the Low Countries ed. Eugeen Schreurs, Henri Vanhulst, 1997 - 510
- ^ J. Quitin, Revue belge de musicologie vol. 47, 1993 "A propos de trois musiciens liégeois du 16e siècle: Petit Jean de Latre, Johannes Mangon et Mathieu de Sayve"
- José Quitin and Henri Vanhulst, "De Latre [Delatre, De Lattre, Laetrius, De Latere], Petit Jean [Jehan, Jan; Johannes Petit]" New Grove Music Dictionary of Music and Musicians.
- Henri Vanhulst, "La fricassé de Jean de Latre (1564)" in Revue belge de musicologie - Belgisch Tijdschrift voor Muziekwetenschap, Volume 47, 1993.
- Jan Willem Bonda, De meerstemmige Nederlandse liederen van de vijftiende en zestiende eeuw (The polyphonic songs in Dutch of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries). Published by Verloren, Hilversum, 1996. ISBN 90-6550-545-8.