John Milford Rutter CBE (born 24 September 1945) is an English composer, conductor, editor, arranger and record producer, mainly of choral music.
John Rutter at Highgate School in 1962
Born in London, the son of an industrial chemist and his wife, Rutter grew up living over the Globe pub on London's Marylebone Road. He was educated at Highgate School where fellow pupils included John Tavener, Howard Shelley, Brian Chapple and Nicholas Snowman, and as a chorister there took part in the first (1963) recording of Britten's War Requiem under the composer's baton. He then read music at Clare College, Cambridge, where he was a member of the choir. While still an undergraduate he had his first compositions published, including the "Shepherd's Pipe Carol" which he had written aged 18. He served as director of music at Clare College from 1975 to 1979 and led the choir to international prominence.
In 1981, Rutter founded his own choir, the Cambridge Singers, which he conducts and with which he has made many recordings of sacred choral repertoire (including his own works), particularly under his own label Collegium Records. He resides at Hemingford Abbots in Cambridgeshire and frequently conducts many choirs and orchestras around the world.
In 1980, he was made an honorary Fellow of Westminster Choir College, Princeton, and in 1988 a Fellow of the Guild of Church Musicians. In 1996, the Archbishop of Canterbury conferred a Lambeth Doctorate of Music upon him in recognition of his contribution to church music. In 2008, he was made an honorary Bencher of the Middle Temple while playing a significant role in the 2008 Temple Festival.
From 1985 to 1992, Rutter suffered severely from myalgic encephalomyelitis (ME, or chronic fatigue syndrome), which restricted his output; after 1985 he stopped writing music on commission, as he was unable to guarantee meeting deadlines.
Rutter also works as an arranger and editor. As a young man he collaborated with Sir David Willcocks on five volumes of the extraordinarily successful Carols for Choirs anthology series.
He was inducted as a National Patron of Delta Omicron, an international professional music fraternity in 1985. Rutter is also a Vice President of the Joyful Company of Singers.
Rutter's compositions are chiefly choral, and include Christmas carols, anthems and extended works such as the Gloria, the Requiem and the Magnificat.
The world premiere of Rutter's Requiem (1985), and of his authoritative edition of Fauré's Requiem, took place with the Fox Valley Festival Chorus, in Illinois. In 2002, his setting of Psalm 150, commissioned for the Queen's Golden Jubilee, was performed at the Jubilee thanksgiving service in St Paul's Cathedral, London. Similarly, he was commissioned to write a new anthem, "This is the day", for the Wedding of Prince William and Catherine Middleton in 2011, performed at Westminster Abbey during the service.
Dr. Rutter conducted The Gift of Life: Six Canticles of Creation in its world premiere at Preston Hollow Presbyterian Church in Dallas, Texas on 19 April 2015. The piece, composed of six movements (including the previously composed "Hymn to the Creator of Light"), was commissioned by David and Miranda Lind in memory of Mr. Lind's mother, and in honour of Terry Price, the director of the church's music department.
He has also written an opera for young people called Bang!
Rutter's work is published principally by Oxford University Press, as well as Hinshaw Music Publications. It has been recorded by many choirs, but he conducts his own recordings principally on his Collegium label.
Rutter's music is eclectic, showing the influences of the French and English choral traditions of the early 20th century as well as of light music and American classic songwriting. Almost every choral anthem and hymn that he writes has a subsequent orchestral accompaniment in addition to the standard piano/organ accompaniment, using various different instrumentations such as strings only, strings and woodwinds or full orchestra with brass and percussion. Many of his works have also been arranged for concert band with optional chorus.
Despite composing and conducting much religious music, Rutter told the US television programme 60 Minutes in 2003 that he was not a particularly religious man yet still deeply spiritual and inspired by the spirituality of sacred verses and prayers. The main topics considered in the 60 Minutes programme, which was broadcast a week before Christmas 2003, were Rutter's popularity with choral groups in the United States, Britain and other parts of the world and his composition Mass of the Children, written after the sudden death of his son Christopher while a student at Clare College, Cambridge, where Rutter himself had studied.
In a 2009 interview
Rutter discussed his understanding of "genius" and its unique ability to transform lives – whether that genius is communicated in the form of music or other media. He likened the purity of music to that of mathematics and connected the two with a reference to the discovery made by the early Greeks that frequencies of harmonic pitches are related by whole-number ratios.
Rutter's music is very popular, particularly in the USA.Evening Standard (25 September 2005): "For the infectiousness of his melodic invention and consummate craftsmanship, Rutter has few peers". Sue Lawley referred to Rutter as "the most celebrated and successful composer of carols alive today" and Sean Rafferty heralded Rutter as "a creator of not just carols, but wonderfully great things for the human voice." One amateur British composer, David Arditti, didn't regard him as a sufficiently "serious" composer, saying that Rutter is "hard to take seriously, because of the way in which his sheer technical facility or versatility leads to a superficial, unstable crossover style which is neither quite classical nor pop, and which tends towards mawkish sentimentality in his sugarily-harmonised and orchestrated melodies." The Guardian remarked that "it is as a writer of carols that he has really made his mark … His larger-scale works – particularly the Gloria (1974), Requiem (1985) and Magnificat (1990) – are also well established in the choral repertoire." David Willcocks considered Rutter "the most gifted composer of his generation."
In the UK many hold him in high regard, as illustrated by the following quotation from a review in the London
List of compositions and arrangements
- A Gaelic Blessing for soprano, alto, tenor and bass voices ("SATB") and organ or guitar, commissioned in 1978 by the Chancel Choir of the First United Methodist Church, Omaha, Nebraska, in honor of minister of music Mel Olson.
- Birthday Madrigals for SATB, commissioned in 1995 by Brian Kay and the Cheltenham Bach Choir to celebrate the 75th birthday of George Shearing
- Carols for Choirs 2 ed. Willcocks and Rutter
- Carols for Choirs 3 ed. Willcocks and Rutter
- Carols for Choirs 4 ed. Willcocks and Rutter
- Dancing Day for SSA with harp or piano
- Eight Childhood Lyrics
- Eight Christmas Carols, Set 1 for mixed voices and piano
- Eight Christmas Carols, Set 2 for mixed voices and piano
- 100 Carols for Choirs ed. Willcocks and Rutter
- Twelve Christmas Carols, Set 1 for mixed voices and small orchestra or piano
- Twelve Christmas Carols, Set 2 for mixed voices and small orchestra or piano
- Child in a manger from Carols for Choirs 3 for SATB and keyboard or orchestra
- Christmas Night for SATB and keyboard or strings
- Come Down, O Love Divine for double mixed choir and organ
- Cradle Song from Carols for Choirs 3 for SATB unaccompanied
- Donkey Carol for SATB and piano or orchestra
- Flemish Carol from Carols for Choirs 3 for SATB and piano or orchestra
- For the Beauty of the Earth for SATB, SA, or TTBB, and piano
- Here We Come a-wassailing from Twelve Christmas Carols, Set 1
- The Holly and the Ivy for SATB and piano or orchestra
- Gloria for mixed voices with brass, percussion and organ or orchestra.
- I Saw Three Ships from Carols for Choirs 3 for SATB and piano or orchestra
- "I will sing with the spirit" for SATB and organ, piano or orchestra
- Jesus Child for SATB and piano or orchestra
- Jesus Child for unison and piano
- Joy to the world! for SATB and keyboard or orchestra (2 trumpets, timpani and strings)
- King Jesus hath a garden from Carols for Choirs 3 for SATB and piano or flute, harp and strings
- "Look at the World" for SATB and Orchestra
- "The Lord bless you and keep you"
- Lord, Make Me an Instrument of Thy Peace for SATB or TTBB with organ or harp and strings
- Love came down at Christmas for SATB and keyboard or strings
- Mary's Lullaby for SATB and piano or orchestra
- Nativity Carol for SATB and keyboard or strings
- O come, O come, Emmanuel from Twelve Christmas Carols, Set 1 for SATB and keyboard or orchestra
- O Lord, thou hast searched me out for SATB chorus, organ and solo cor anglais (or clarinet, or viola)
- Quem pastores laudavere for SATB unaccompanied
- Quittez, pasteurs for SATB unaccompanied
- Shepherd's Pipe Carol for SATB and piano or orchestra or for SSAA and piano or orchestra
- Sing we to this merry company for SATB and orchestra or organ
- Star Carol for SATB and piano or orchestra or brass with optional children's voices or for unison and piano
- There is a flower (original composition) for SATB unaccompanied
- Three Carols from Carols for Choirs 4 for SS and SSA unaccompanied
- Tomorrow shall be my dancing day from the cycle of carols, Dancing Day for SSA and harp or piano
- "The Twelve Days of Christmas" from Carols for Choirs 2 for SATB and piano or orchestra
- Winchester Te Deum For SATB and Piano or Organ
- Wexford Carol for SATB unaccompanied
- What sweeter music for SATB and organ or strings
Anthems and other compositions
Most of these works are original compositions, including new musical settings of standard texts, whilst others are arrangements of traditional hymns.
- All Creatures of Our God and King
- All Things Bright and Beautiful
- As the bridegroom to his chosen
- Be Thou my vision
- The Beatles Concerto
- Behold, the Tabernacle of God
- Blow, Blow, Thou Winter Wind
- Canticle of the Heavenly City (commissioned for the dedication of John Piper's Nativity window in the church of St Mary the Virgin, Iffley)
- Children's chorus, opt.
- A Choral Amen
- A Choral Fanfare
- Christ the Lord is risen again
- A Clare Benediction
- Creation's Alleluia
- Distant Land
- The Falcon
- Fancies (part of "Eight Childhood Lyrics")
- Feel the Spirit
- For the Beauty of the Earth
- Go forth into the world in peace
- God be in my head
- Gregorian Chant
- Heavenly Aeroplane
- How Firm A Foundation
- Hymn to the Creator of Light
- I believe in springtime
- I will lift up mine eyes
- I will sing with the spirit
- I will worship the Lord
- I Wonder as I Wander
- The King of Love my Shepherd Is
- Let us go in peace
- Look at the World
- Look to the Day
- The Lord is my light and my salvation
- The Lord is my Shepherd: SATB & organ
- This is the day the Lord hath made
- Loving shepherd of thy sheep
- Musica Dei donum
- Now thank we all our God
- O be joyful in the Lord
- O clap your hands
- O Praise the Lord of Heaven
- Open Thou Mine Eyes
- The Peace of God
- Pie Jesu
- Praise the Lord, O my soul
- Praise ye the Lord
- A Prayer of Saint Patrick
- A St John's College Prayer (Commissioned for the College's 500th anniversary 2011)
- Thanksgiving Prayer
- This is the Day (Commissioned for the Royal Wedding 2011)
- Thy Perfect love
- Toccata in 7
- To Everything There is a Season
- When Icicles Hang
- When the Saints Go Marching In
- Wings of the Morning
- With Heart and Hands
Music with narration
- Burrows, Helen Jane (1999). "Choral Music and the Church of England 1970–1995: A Study of Selected Works and Composer-Church Relations". PhD thesis. Norwich: University of East Anglia.
- Dakers, Lionel (1978). Making Church Music Work. Oxford and London: Mowbray.
- Frank, Alan (1976). "John Rutter's Partita for Orchestra". The MusicalTimes 117, no. 1598 (April): 309.
- Morrison, Richard (1992). "Tis the Season to Be Authentic". The Times (3 November): 29.
- Westermeyer, Paul (1994). "John Rutter: Popular Romantic". Christian Century 111, no. 35 (7 December): 1158.