Works/Mp3
Biography
Links
Worklist
Biography of

Samuel Scheidt

3 nov 1587 (Halle) - 24 mar 1654 (Halle)
Buy sheetmusic from Scheidt at SheetMusicPlus
Samuel Scheidt

Samuel Scheidt (baptized 3 November 1587 – 24 March 1654) was a German composer, organist and teacher of the early Baroque era.

He was born in Halle, and after early studies there, he went to Amsterdam to study with Sweelinck, the distinguished Dutch composer, whose work had a clear influence on Scheidt's style. On his return to Halle, Scheidt became court organist, and later Kapellmeister, to the Margrave of Brandenburg. Unlike many German musicians, for example Heinrich Schütz, he remained in Germany during the Thirty Years' War, managing to survive by teaching and by taking a succession of smaller jobs until the restoration of stability allowed him to resume his post as Kapellmeister.

Scheidt was the first internationally significant German composer for the organ, and represents the flowering of the new north German style, which occurred largely as a result of the Protestant Reformation. In south Germany and some other countries of Europe, the spiritual and artistic influence of Rome remained strong, so most music continued to be derivative of Italian models. Cut off from Rome, musicians in the newly Protestant areas readily developed new stylistic ideas which were much different from the practice of their neighbors.

Scheidt's music is in two principal categories: instrumental music, including a large amount of keyboard music, mostly for organ; and sacred vocal music, some of which is a cappella and some of which uses a basso continuo or other instrumental accompaniment. His organ music was famous at the time, though since then it has been eclipsed by the music of J.S. Bach. In his numerous chorale preludes, Scheidt often used a "patterned variation" technique, in which each phrase of the chorale uses a different rhythmic motive, and each variation is more elaborate than the previous one, until the climax of the composition is reached. In addition to his chorale preludes, he wrote numerous fugues, suites of dances (which were often in a cyclic form, sharing a common ground bass) and fantasias.

See also

References and further reading

Scores



This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Samuel Scheidt. Allthough most Wikipedia articles provide accurate information accuracy can not be guaranteed.
Buy sheetmusic from Scheidt at SheetMusicPlus


Our dream: to make the world's treasury of classical music accessible for everyone.
Help us with donations or by making music available!


Contact us     Privacy policy     Language:

Looking for classical mp3 downloads? We index the free-to-download classical mp3s on the internet.
©2020 Classic Cat - the classical music directory
   
Sheet Music Plus Featured Sale
Visitor's Favorites

Chopin, F.
Preludes

Eugene Dolan

Bach, J.S.
Violin Sonata No. 1 in G minor

George Enescu

Rachmaninov, S.
Piano Concerto No. 2 in C minor

Dimitris Sgouros

Granados, E.
Spanish dances op. 37

Monica Alianello

Schumann, R.
Symphony No. 1 in B flat "Spring"

L'Orchestre de la Suisse Romande

Puccini, G.
Crisantemi

Mendelssohn String Quartet