Joaquín Turina (December 9, 1882 – January 14, 1949) was a Spanish composer of classical music.
He was born in Seville but his origins were in northern Italy (between Verona, Brescia and Mantova). He studied in Seville as well as in Madrid. He lived in Paris from 1905 to 1914 where he took composition lessons from Vincent d'Indy at his Schola Cantorum, and studied the piano under Moritz Moszkowski. Like his fellow countryman and friend, Manuel de Falla, while there he got to know the impressionist composers Maurice Ravel and Claude Debussy.
Along with de Falla, he returned to Madrid in 1914, working as a composer, teacher and critic. In 1931 he was made professor of composition at the Madrid Royal Conservatory. Among his notable pupils are Vicente Asencio and Celedonio Romero.
His works include the operas Margot (1914) and Jardín de Oriente (1923), the Danzas fantásticas (1920, versions for piano and orchestra), La oración del torero (written first for a lute quartet, then string quartet, then string orchestra), chamber music, piano works, guitar pieces and songs. Much of his work shows the influence of traditional Andalusian music.
Recordings by Turina
- Rollos de Pianola (Obras de Albéniz, Granados, Turina, Ocón, Chapí, Alonso y Otros). Label: Almaviva
- Joaquín Turina - Grabaciones Históricas. Label: Almaviva