Biography of

Charles A. Zimmerman

22 jul 1862 [or 1861] (Newport) - 16 jan 1916 (Annapolis)
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Original sheet music cover for Anchors Aweigh, with a photo of Zimmerman.

Charles A. Zimmermann (1861 – 16 January 1916) was an American composer of marches and popular music. A graduate of the Peabody Conservatory of Music in Baltimore, he was appointed bandmaster at the United States Naval Academy in 1887 at the age of 26. He served as the Academy's bandmaster until his death from a brain hemorrhage in 1916. He is buried at the Naval Academy cemetery.

Zimmerman composed his most famous march, "Anchors Aweigh", in 1906 when he was a Lieutenant in the United States Navy. The lyrics were written by Alfred Hart Miles, a cadet. The march was intended from the beginning to serve as a rousing tune for football games. Zimmerman also composed numerous songs for the 1902 stage play The Wizard of Oz.

List of Compositions

  • with Mr. Hollister:
    • When the Heart is Sad (Sir Dashemoff Daily)
  • with Vincent Bryan:
    • Marching Thro' Georgia (Scarecrow and Tin Woodman)
    • Sitting Bull (Scarecrow)
    • Football (Scarecrow and Tin Woodman)
    • Marching Through Port Arthur (Scarecrow and Tin Woodman)


  • Holsinger, M. Paul, ed. (1999). War and American Popular Culture: A Historical Encyclopedia. Westport: Greenwood Press.
  • Ravitch, Diane, ed. (2000). The American Reader. New York: Harper Collins.

External links

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Charles A. Zimmerman. Allthough most Wikipedia articles provide accurate information accuracy can not be guaranteed.
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