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Ludwig van Beethoven   opus 14:2

Piano Sonata No. 10 in G major

Piano Sonata in G major. 1799. Time: 15'00.
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The Piano Sonata No. 10 in G Major, Op. 14, No. 2, composed in 1798–1799, is an early-period work by Ludwig van Beethoven, dedicated to Baroness Josefa von Braun. A typical performance lasts 15 minutes. While it is not as well-known as some of the more spectacularly original sonatas of Beethoven's youth, such as the 'Pathetique' or 'Moonlight' sonatas, it is a work of great charm and of considerable rhythmic subtlety. Tovey[1] described it as an 'exquisite little work.'


The sonata is in three movements:

  1. Allegro in G major
  2. Andante variations in C major, subdominant of G major
  3. Scherzo: Allegro assai in G major

The first movement, marked ligato in the urtext score, opens with a brief sixteenth-note phrase, accompanied by short, tied arpeggios in the bass. According to Charles Rosen [2] this opening 'fools the listener for four bars into thinking that the bar line is in the wrong place...Any attempt by the pianist to clear the matter up at once by emphasizing the first beats would be misguided.' This phrase is used consistently throughout the movement and subject to a great deal of highly imaginative development through changing harmonies and shifting key-centres. Bars 70-2 are particularly notable, in that the main theme is subjected to highly chromatic treatment at this point. Thirty-second-note passages develop in the upper register of the piano, limiting the tempo at which it can reasonably be taken. The entire movement ends with a coda, where, according to Rosen, Beethoven 'decides to normalize the rhythm of the main theme, and make it no longer witty but expressive.' The closing two bars consist of a quiet, quick turn in the treble.

The second movement is a set of variations on a disjunct, chordal theme which is marked "La prima parte senza replica" (first part without repeats). The form of the music is Theme with Three Variations. It seems about to end quietly, like the first and last movements, but then concludes abruptly with a crashing fortissimo C major chord.

Like the first movement, the third movement opens with an ascending, hesitant, three-note motif that conveys considerable rhythmic ambiguity. In his book, 'The Music Instinct', the cognitive scientist Philip Ball [3] singles out this theme as an example of the classic trick of disguising 'one rhythmic structure as another.' The movement, which is in 3/8 time, is entitled "Scherzo" but is actually in rondo form. The main theme undergoes many changes, until the end, where it ends quietly, on the very lowest notes of the piano of Beethoven's time. The movement plays with our expectations through rhythmic ambiguity, unexpected harmonic shifts, and above all, the use of strategically placed silences. All of these characteristic examples of musical wit show the continuing influence of Haydn on Beethoven at this early stage in his composing career.


  1. ^ Tovey, D.F. (1931) Commentary on Beethoven's Piano Sonatas, London, ABRSM.
  2. ^ Rosen, C. |(2002), 'Beethoven's Piano Sonatas: a short companion', Yale University Press
  3. ^ Ball, P. (2010) 'The Music Instinct', London, The Bodley Head

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This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Piano_Sonata_No._10_(Beethoven)". Allthough most Wikipedia articles provide accurate information accuracy can not be guaranteed.

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