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Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart   KV1 118, KV6 74c

La Betulia liberata

Oratorio 1771. Time: 132'00.
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Betulia liberata ("The Liberation of Bethulia") is the title of two oratorios: one by Jommelli, written in 1743; the other by Mozart, written in 1771. The Mozart is better known, if only because the composer's output receives more examination. The Jommelli may be the greater piece, written as it was by a mature hand. Relatively neglected, both works drew attention in 2010 when they were performed side-by-side at the Salzburg Whitsun and Ravenna festivals under the leadership of Riccardo Muti.

Composed in March–July 1771 when Mozart was 15 years old, K. 118 (74c) is a 140-minute "azione sacra" on a text by Pietro Metastasio tracing the story of Judith and Holofernes from the apocryphal Book of Judith. It was commissioned by Giuseppe Ximenes, Prince of Aragon, while Mozart was in Padua, Italy, and is the only oratorio he ever wrote. Its two parts comprise sixteen arias, with solo or choral parts, scored for soloists, choir and orchestra. Not performed in Mozart's lifetime, "Betulia liberata" hews stylistically to works by Leonardo Leo and Johann Hasse.

Contents

Dramatis personae (for the Mozart)

  • Ozia (Ozias), governor of Bethulia (tenor)
  • Giuditta (Judith), widow of Manasses (alto)
  • Amital, noblewoman of Israel (soprano)
  • Achior, prince of the Ammonites (bass)
  • Cabri (Cabris) e Carmi, populace' chiefs (sopranos)
  • Bethulians (chorus)

The work (Mozart)

Parte prima

  1. Overtura
  2. Recitativo: Popoli di Betulia (Ozia)
  3. Aria #1: D’ogni colpa la colpa maggiore (Ozia)
  4. Recitativo: E in che sperar? (Cabri, Amital)
  5. Aria #2: Ma qual virtù non cede (Cabri)
  6. Recitativo: Già le memorie antiche (Ozia, Cabri, Amital)
  7. Aria #3: Non hai cor (Amital)
  8. Recitativo: E qual pace sperate (Ozia, Amital, Coro)
  9. Aria con il Coro #4: Pietà, se irato sei (Ozia, Coro)
  10. Recitativo: Chi è costei che qual sorgente aurora (Cabri, Amital, Ozia, Giuditta)
  11. Aria #5: Del pari infeconda (Giuditta)
  12. Recitativo: Oh saggia, oh santa (Ozia, Cabri, Giuditta)
  13. Aria con il Coro #6: Pietà, se irato sei (Ozia, Coro)
  14. Recitativo: Signor, Carmi a te viene (Cabri, Amital, Carmi, Ozia, Achior)
  15. Aria #7: Terribile d’aspetto (Achior)
  16. Recitativo: Ti consola, Achior (Ozia, Cabri, Achior, Giuditta)
  17. Aria #8: Parto inerme, e non pavento (Giuditta)
  18. Coro #9: Oh prodigio! Oh stupor! (Coro)

Parte seconda

  1. Recitativo: Troppo mal corrisponde (Achior, Ozia)
  2. Aria #10: Se Dio veder tu vuoi (Ozia)
  3. Recitativo: Confuso io son (Achior, Ozia, Amital)
  4. Aria #11: Quel nocchier che in gran procella (Amital)
  5. Recitativo: Lungamente non dura (Ozia, Amital, Coro, Cabri, Giuditta, Achior)
  6. Aria #12: Prigionier che fa ritorno (Giuditta)
  7. Recitativo: Giuditta, Ozia, popoli, amici (Achior)
  8. Aria #13: Te solo adoro (Achior)
  9. Recitativo: Di tua vittoria (Ozia, Amital)
  10. Aria #14: Con troppa rea viltà (Amital)
  11. Recitativo: Quanta cura hai di noi (Cabri, Carmi, Ozia, Amital)
  12. Aria #15: Quei moti che senti (Carmi)
  13. Recitativo: Seguansi, o Carmi (Ozia, Amital, Cabri, Achior, Giuditta)
  14. Aria con il Coro #16: Lodi al gran Dio (Giuditta, Coro)

Recordings (of the Mozart)

  • W.A. Mozart: La Betulia Liberata, Leopold Hager, Philips 422522-2
  • W.A. Mozart: La Betulia Liberata, Carlo Felice Cillario, A. Charlin AMS 2627/8-2
  • W.A. Mozart: La Betulia Liberata, Mario Rossi, Opera d'Oro
  • W.A. Mozart: La Betulia Liberata, Peter Maag, Brilliant Classics, 99944
  • W.A. Mozart: La Betulia Liberata, Christoph Poppen, Deutsche Grammophon, DVD 4400734248
  • W.A. Mozart: La Betulia Liberata, Oficina Musicum, OnClassical recording, 2006

All recordings are in double CD package.

See also

External links



This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Betulia_liberata". Allthough most Wikipedia articles provide accurate information accuracy can not be guaranteed.


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