The post horn
, for which this serenade is nicknamed
The Serenade for Orchestra No. 9 in D major K. 320, Posthorn, was written by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart in Salzburg, in 1779. The manuscript is dated 3 August 1779 and was intended for the university "finalmusik" ceremony that year.
The serenade is scored for 2 flutes, flautino, 2 oboes, 2 bassoons, 2 horns, 2 trumpets, post horn, timpani and strings. It has seven movements:
- Adagio maestoso - Allegro con spirito
- Concertante: Andante grazioso in G major
- Rondeau: Allegro ma non troppo in G major
- Andantino in D minor
- Minuetto - Trio 1 & 2
- Finale: Presto
The Concertante and Rondeau movements feature prominent concertante sections for flute and oboe.
The first trio of the second minuet features a solo flautino (or piccolo) played over strings. The second trio of the second minuet features a solo for the post horn. This solo gives the serenade its nickname.
A typical performance lasts approximately 45 minutes.
- ^ Sadie, Stanley. Mozart: The Early Years, 1756–1781, p. 503-505, New York: W.W. Norton & Co. (2006) ISBN 0-393-06112-4.
Serenades by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
List of compositions by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
No. 1 in D, K. 100 · No. 3 in D, K. 185 (Antretter) · No. 4 in D, K. 203 (Colleredo) · No. 5 in D, K. 204 · No. 6 in D, K. 239 (Serenata Notturna) · No. 7 in D, K. 250 (Haffner) · No. 9 in D, K. 320 (Posthorn) · No. 10 in B♭, K. 361 (Gran Partita) · No. 11 in E♭, K. 375 · No. 12 in C minor, K. 388 · No. 13 in G, K. 525 (Eine kleine Nachtmusik)