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Anton Bruckner   WAB 100

Symphony no 0 in D minor, "Die Nullte"

Symphony 1869. Time: 42'00.
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"Symphony No. 0 in D minor"
Bruckner circa 1860.jpg
Dedication none
Composed 1869
Premiere F. Moissl, 12 October 1924, Klosterneuenburg
First published 1924 (ed. Wöss)
Other editions ed. Leopold Nowak, 1968
First recording Henk Spruit, Netherlands Philharmonic Orchestra, 1951

This Symphony in D minor composed by Anton Bruckner was not assigned a number by its composer, and has subsequently become known by the German designation Die Nullte (translated to The Zeroth or Number Nought in English).

Contents

Composition

This work is the third symphony composed by Bruckner; experts agree that it was written in 1869, after the Symphony that Bruckner himself regarded as his No. 1 and the earlier Study Symphony in F minor. Bruckner decided this Symphony was not worthy of a number, and declared it "gilt nicht" ("doesn't count") and on one copy of the score put in an empty set symbol (∅), which was later interpreted as a numeral zero. According to the conductor Georg Tintner, this lack of confidence in the work arose from a question by the puzzled conductor of the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra, Felix Otto Dessoff, who asked Bruckner, "Where is the main theme?".

The work was not premiered until 1924. It is sometimes referred to as "Symphony in D minor, opus posthumous."

Analysis

The score calls for a pair each of flutes, oboes, clarinets, bassoons, four horns, two trumpets, three trombones, timpani, and strings.

It has four movements.

First movement, Allegro

The work begins with an ostinato in the strings that is in D minor.

BruckSym0Satz1Quote1.png

Leopold Nowak suggested that the answer to Desoff's question is that the principal theme is in the first movement of Symphony No. 3 in D minor, which also begins with an ostinato.

Second movement, Andante

Nowak places all markings of Andante for this B-flat major movement in parentheses.

BruckSym0Satz2Quote.png

Third movement, Scherzo: Presto — Trio: Langsamer und ruhiger

This is the last of Bruckner's symphonic scherzos in which the orchestra begins fortissimo. The theme has something of the qualities of the Mannheim rocket, but its chromaticism suggests the future music of Shostakovich.

BruckSym0Satz3Quote1.png

The Trio's theme in G major has hints of G minor.

BruckSym0Satz3Quote2.png

Unlike later scherzos, this one has a separate coda for the reprise of the Scherzo.

Fourth movement, Finale: Moderato — Allegro vivace

The movement begins with a slow introduction. The theme in the violins,

BruckSym0Satz4Quote1.png

is accompanied by semiquavers (i.e. sixteenth notes) in the woodwinds (music that shows up again in the development). This gives way to the main theme of the following allegro-movement,

BruckSym0Satz4Quote2.png

which does double duty as a third theme. The second theme

BruckSym0Satz4Quote3.png

reminds some listeners[who?] of Rossini.[1]

Editions

The symphony is available in two editions: by Wöss (published 1924) and Leopold Nowak (published 1968).

Discography

The first commercial recording of the symphony was by Fritz Zaun with the Berlin State Opera Orchestra in 1933. It included only the scherzo, in the Wöss edition.

The first commercial recording of the complete symphony was by Henk Spruit with the Netherlands Philharmonic Orchestra in 1951.

Performances and recordings of the "complete" Bruckner Symphonies often exclude No. 0, most notably excepting the boxed sets of Riccardo Chailly, Eliahu Inbal, Bernard Haitink, Georg Tintner, Gennady Rozhdestvensky, Stanislaw Skrowaczewski and former Chicago Symphony Orchestra conductors Daniel Barenboim and Sir Georg Solti.

Notable Recordings

References

Tintner, Georg. Recording notes for Anton Bruckner: Symphonies No. 8 and 0, Ireland National Symphony Orchestra conducted by Georg Tintner. Naxos 8.554215-16.

  1. ^ Anonymous. Recording notes for Bruckner: Symphony No. 0 and Motets, SWR Stuttgart Radio Symphony Orchestra, conducted by Sir Neville Mariner.

External links



This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Symphony_No._0_(Bruckner)". Allthough most Wikipedia articles provide accurate information accuracy can not be guaranteed.


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