Mp3s
Biography




Sheetmusic
Franz Joseph Haydn   H 1:44

Symphony no. 44 "Trauersymphonie"

Symphony in E minor. 1772. Time: 23'30.

Trauer = mourning.

Buy sheetmusic for this work at SheetMusicPlus

The Symphony No. 44 in E minor, Hoboken 1/44, was completed in 1772 by Joseph Haydn. It is popularly known as Trauer (English: Mourning). Late in life, Haydn asked for the slow movement of this symphony to be played at his funeral.

Contents

Movements

The work is in four movements and is scored for two oboes, bassoon, two horns (in E and G), continuo (harpsichord) and strings:[1]

  1. Allegro con brio, 4/4
  2. Menuetto: Allegretto, 3/4
  3. Adagio, 2/4
  4. Finale: Presto, 2/2

Haydn-44-1-theme.png

The piece is typical of Haydn's Sturm und Drang (storm and stress) period. The first movement, which is in sonata form, begins with a four-note motif played in unison which occurs throughout the movement. The second movement, unusually, is a minuet in E minor and trio in E major (this movement would normally come third). The minuet is in the form of a "Canone in Diapason" between the upper and lower strings with the lower strings trailing the upper strings by a single bar.[1] Haydn would later use a similar double canon with the lower strings trailing the upper strings by one measure in the famous "Witches Minuet" of his D minor quartet from Op. 76.

The third movement is slow, also in E major, and with strings muted. The finale, like the first movement, is in sonata form and is dominated by a figure which opens the movement in unison. It is quite contrapuntal, and ends in E minor rather than finishing in a major key as was usual in most other minor key works of the time (including Haydn's next symphony, the Symphony No. 45, The Farewell).

Since all of the movements have the same tonic, the work is homotonal.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b HC Robbins Landon, Haydn: Chronicle and Works, 5 vols, (Bloomington and London: Indiana University Press, 1976-) v. 2, Haydn at Eszterhaza, 1766-1790

References

  • Robbins Landon, H. C. (1963) Joseph Haydn: Critical Edition of the Complete Symphonies, Universal Edition, Vienna


This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Symphony_No._44_(Haydn)". Allthough most Wikipedia articles provide accurate information accuracy can not be guaranteed.


Our dream: to make the world's treasury of classical music accessible for everyone.
Help us with donations or by making music available!


Contact us     Privacy policy     Language:

Looking for classical mp3 downloads? We index the free-to-download classical mp3s on the internet.
©2016 Classic Cat - the classical mp3 and video directory. All rights reserved.
   
Sheet Music Plus Featured Sale